What is recycling and how does it help?


Recycling is a process that consists of converting waste into new materials and resources. Recycling saves energy because manufacturers using recycled materials do not need to continue using more raw natural resources, and may instead use the recycled materials again. By using recycled materials we save on energy consumption, which keeps production costs down. Recycling reduces the need for more landfill dumps, as significantly less waste needs to be simply dumped. As such, it is generally more environmentally friendly than landfill, but is not always possible: some waste is non-recyclable. It can be useful to know what exactly can and can not be recycled, so below we shall describe different types of materials that can be recycled, and give several examples of such materials.


Here are some examples of recyclable items


  • Any hard plastics 
  • Milk
  • Juice Cartons
  • Shampoo Bottles
  • Cling Wrap



  • Jars
  • Wine bottles
  • Beer bottles



  • Pizza Boxes
  • Cereal containers
  • Paper/soft cardboard
  • Storage boxes



  • Tin Cans
  • Empty Aerosol Cans
  • Drink cans
  • Tinned food cans


* All metals must be clean of most organic materials, or the recycling facilities cannot reuse them. 

Recycling drop-off points near you

There are a number of locations in the City of Yarra area that can recycle cardboard for you. This can be exceptionally useful for those who lack cardboard-recycling facilities at their home. These area include:

The Clifton Hill Recycling Drop-Off Centre can also be used as a dumping site for most other recyclable materials, making it a versatile and incredibly useful communal location.

Misconceptions about recycling

There are many common misconceptions relating to what can and can not be recycled, and these misconceptions, no matter how innocent, can have dire consequences in the long term. Here is a list of some of the most common recycling misconceptions.


One of the most common sources of confusion is that not all plastics can be recycled. Most hard plastics, like plastic bottles, can be recycled, while soft plastics like plastic bags generally can not be. Recycling systems are often incapable of dealing with soft plastics, and can break when exposed to them.


Most common types of glass, like bottles, can be recycled an infinite amount of times, and as a result should always be recycled, no matter how unrecyclable they seem.


Disposable coffee cups are generally not recyclable, despite the fact that they are partially composed of recyclable materials. At some point in the future in may become possible to recycle them, but for now, do not attempt to recycle any disposable coffee cups.


Clam shell plastic containers are not recycling, and you should not attempt to recycle them under any circumstances whatsoever.