What is Compost?

Compost is essentially decayed material being used for fertiliser on growing plants. It’s an essential part of recycling and has huge benefits for any garden. In addition to this, composting something redirects it from contributing to landfill.

 

 How could we benefit from composting?

Compost has a variety of benefits. It improves the soil structure drastically neutralising pH levels in the soil. It allows water to drain well and balances out the different particles that make up soil. It also reduces waste in the household by approximately 25% to 50%, and can be used in one's own garden, meaning that not only is the amount of waste reduced, your garden benefits from the free fertiliser.

What can I compost?

  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Eggshells and nutshells
  • Organic sanitary products
  • Vacuum lint
  • Coffee grounds, filters and teabags
  • Yard trimmings and grass clippings
  • Leaves and houseplants
  • Sawdust and wood chips
  • Hay and straw
  • Cotton and wool rags
  • Shredded newspaper, cardboard and paper
  • Fireplace ashes
  • Hair and fur

What can't be composted?

  • Coal, charcoal and ash
  • Diseased and insect ridden plants
  • Dairy products and eggs
  • Fats, grease, lard and oils
  • Pet waste
  • Glazed colour printed magazines
  • Yard trimmings treated with chemical pesticides
  • Meat and bones
  • Weeds
  • Plastic, rubber and latex

How does composting work?

Composting works by bacteria breaking down organic matter and turning it into nutrient rich compost. In order to create an environment for bacteria to grow, there needs to be food, air and moisture. After the bacteria have digested the organic matter into nutrient rich fertiliser, the fertiliser can then be used to fertilise plants.

 

 What if I live in an urban area or an apartment?

You can buy indoor compost bins from various online shops and hardware stores. Indoor compost bins are not that hard to use, just add the organic matter and some saw dust and then leave it to break down. Indoor compost bins are often fitted with taps so that you can collect the fertiliser juice.